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Marine Chemistry

Chemical oceanography: information resources on the chemistry of the oceans and the seawater.

Chemical oceanography deals with the conditions and interactions between organic and inorganic compounds and the biological, physical and geological conditions in the sea. The interdisciplinary scientific branch also studies the interactions of chemical systems with the marine organisms, the atmosphere, the rocks and the sediments and the changes caused by oceanic mixing processes.

The basis of this observation is based on the distribution and dynamics of chemical elements and isotopes and molecules. This ranges from basic physical, thermodynamic and kinetic chemistry towards the interactions of marine chemistry with biological, geological and physical processes. This includes both inorganic and organic chemistry as well as studies of atmospheric and terrestrial processes. In addition, the Chemical Oceanography processes that occur on a variety of spatial and temporal scales.

The marine chemistry deals with the chemical composition of sea water; it is therefore a special field of water chemistry. As part of the hydrosphere, the chemical oceanography also deals with aspects of atmospheric chemistry, geochemistry, the biosphere and environmental chemistry.

Below you will find online available information and data sources on the chemistry of the oceans.

Content, Topics

Current Articles
General Information
Lecture Notes, Tutorials
Special Information
Data and Databases
Articles and Reports
Research facilities and departments

Current Articles

A New Wrinkle in Ancient Ocean Chemistry
A UC Riverside-led study reports on the effects of biological oxygen production nearly 100 million years before oxygen accumulated in the atmosphere

Ancient Ocean Chemistry
New picture of ancient ocean chemistry argues for chemically layered water. Stratified marine basin sheds new light on early animal evolution, UC Riverside scientists say

Ocean Acidification
NSF awards grants to study effects of ocean acidification. Projects address concern for acidifying marine ecosystems

Reconstructing Past Ocean Chemistry
Carbonate veins reveal chemistry of ancient seawater

The Chemical History of the Oceans
The chemical memory of seawater: scientists examine the biomolecules dissolved in the ocean and read them like a history book of the sea.

General Information

Dangers of Ocean Acidification
Much of the carbon dioxide given off from the burning of acid balance of seawater. The repercussions for marine. Article, 2006. Scientific American, USA - Format: PDF

Lecture Notes, Tutorials

Activity Scales and Activity Corrections
Lecture notes in seawater chemistry. University of Washington, USA - Format: PDF

Chemical Composition of Seawater
Salinity and the major constituents - Format: PDF

Chemical Equilibrium
Lecture notes in seawater chemistry. University of Washington, USA - Format: PDF

Chemical Oceanography
Lecture notes. University of Washington, USA

Chemical Oceanography
E-book, 1974 - Format: PDF

Chemical Oceanography
Lecture notes - Format: PDF

Chemical Oceanography
Lecture notes - Format: PDF

Chemistry of Sea Water
Sciptum: physical and chemical oceanography - Format: PDF

Major Ions of Seawater
Lecture notes in seawater chemistry. University of Washington, USA - Format: PDF

Marine Chemistry
Lecture notes. Stanford University

Mass Balance - The Cornerstone of Chemical Oceanography
Lecture notes in seawater chemistry. University of Washington, USA - Format: PDF

Ocean acidification
... due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. RSC - Format: PDF

Ocean Chemistry
An introduction to the chemistry of the sea water - Format: PDF

Properties of Water and Seawater
Lecture notes in seawater chemistry. University of Washington, USA - Format: PDF

Seawater Chemistry
Lecture notes

Special Information

Chemical Transformations and Fluxes in the Ocean
How does the ocean acquire ist chemical composition? - Format: PDF

Source of general information on all aspects of seaweeds

Data and Databases

British Oceanographic Data Centre
BODC is a national facility for looking after and distributing data concerning the marine environment

ICES Oceanographic Database
ICES is the organisation that coordinates and promotes marine research in the North Atlantic

International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set

National Oceanographic Data Center
NODC is a national repository and dissemination facility for global oceanographic data which acquires and preserves a historical record of the Earth's changing environment to be used for operational applications and ocean climate research

Ocean Drilling Data
Deep Sea Drilling Project & Ocean Drilling Program Data. NGDC, USA

United Nations Atlas of the Oceans
... is an information system designed for use by policy makers who need to become familiar with ocean issues and by scientists, students and resource managers who need access to underlying data bases and approaches to sustainability


Marine and Freshwater Research
Original, significant and widely-cited research papers from across the world on topics as diverse as wetland and coral reef ecology, hydrology and oceanography, marine and freshwater ecosystem processes, fisheries sciences and estuarine sediment biogeochemistry. CSIRO, USA

Marine Chemistry
... is an international medium for the publication of original studies and occasional reviews in the field of chemistry in the marine environment, with emphasis on the dynamic approach. Elsevier

New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research
... is an international journal of aquatic science that is published for researchers and resource managers in research institutions, universities, museums, regional authorities, and other organisations worldwide. Taylor and Francis

Articles and Reports

Ancient Isotope Ratios of the Oceans
Earth's early ocean cooled more than a billion years earlier than thought: Stanford study

Fishdunnit! Mystery solved
Fish guts explain marine carbon cycle mystery

The Marine Nitrogen Cycle - Revisited
Predicting the ocean's role for global climate requires a profound understanding of the cycling of matter in the sea. Regarding nitrogen losses, scientists were apparently off the mark. A novel study reveals the complex interactions in the nitrogen cycle of the Eastern Tropical South Pacific oxgen minimum zone.

Research facilities and departments

Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, ICBM
The scientific concept of the ICBM is based on the realization, that research of the seas, being one of the most manifold global systems, can only be successful using interdisciplinary methods. University of Oldenburg


Australian Marine Sciences Association
AMSA is Australia's major professional association for marine scientists from all disciplines


Last update: 17.12.2018.

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