The proper nutrition, combine with balance ingredients in diet, according to the stages of goat life are the major contributing factors that effects directly on the quality and quantity of milk production in goats. While other factors although they also play a role in milk quality and quantity production are environmental pollution, goat health, un-hygienic conditions, un-safe drinking water, over population of goat herds in an small area, are less important.
The goat milk contains small fat globules as compared with cow or buffalo milk. These globules helps in lowering the curd, which results into that goat milk becoming easily digestible as compared to cow milk.
It is also found that duodenal ulcer, digestive upsets and asthma patients have easy way to digest goat milk as compared to cow milk. Since the beef protein which is present in the cow milk is the major contributing factor of eczema, asthma and allergies in children. This protein is absent in the goat milk, which reduces the allergy reaction in children.
In the year 1996 the total goat population in Pakistan was 41166,000 heads, while in Sindh it was 9734,000 heads.
In the year 1999-2000 total goat population in the country was 47426,ooo heads, while the male population, one year and above was 6010,000 heads, the female one year and above was 25755,000 heads and young stock less than one year was 15661,000 heads.
In the year 1999-2000, in Pakistan the gross production for milk from goat was 31,804,000 tonnes, while goat milk consumption was 25,566,000 tonnes.
In the year 1999-2000 in Pakistan the goat meat production was 218,000 tonnes/million, goat skin production was 23.3 million No., goat hair production was 18,000 tonnes.
In the year 1999-00 in Pakistan the total fodder production was 2,64,900 hectares out of which in Sindh was 365,700 hectares. The total fodder production in Pakistan was 22.7 per hectare in tonnes, out of which in Sindh, fodder crop production was 25.0 per hectares in tonnes.
If goat becomes undernourished during pregnancy this not only effect on the milk quality but also effects on the duration of lactation. If goat is healthy having good body reserves brings high level of lactation. Following are suggested supplement (g/head/day) during pregnancy and lactation are as under:
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Last update: 12 January 2018.
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