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Information resources on the chemistry of hydrocarbons.


The hydrocarbons form an extremely extensive group of organic chemical compounds that consist exclusively of the chemical elements carbon C and hydrogen H. These substances form the basic structure of organic chemistry, their compounds based on carbon and the simultaneous molecules a basic skeleton of carbon chains.

The variety of types, structures and properties of hydrocarbons results from a special feature of carbon: A carbon atom on energetic ground has four equivalent valence electrons, which can form four chemical bonds - also among themselves. As a result, any number of carbon atoms can bond with one another, form branched and unbranched carbon chains or form ring-shaped structures. Electrons that are not received here from the carbon atoms in chemical bonds with one another form bonds with the electrons of the hydrogen atom; the free valences of the carbohydrates are saturated with hydrogen and one speaks of mineral hydrocarbons.

Another IS the formation of alleged multiple bonds, that is, the C-atoms can form double bonds C=C and triple bonds C≡C with each other or with respected other atoms, which further increases the number of possible structures. The compounds are also referred to as unsaturated hydrocarbons because not all form valences with H-atom bonds.

A third form are the cyclic hydrocarbons (carbocycles), in which the carbon atoms come together to form ring-shaped structures.

Below you will find a list of online available information resources on the chemistry of hydrocarbons (see also: list of alkanes)

Content, Topics

General Information

Organic Hydrocarbons: Compounds made from carbon and hydrogen

Lecture Notes, Tutorials

Aromatic Hydrocarbos
Lecture notes

Structure and nomenclature - Format: PDF

Lecture notes: principles of organic chemistry - Format: PDF

Lecture notes: petroleum and alkanes - Format: PDF

Practical Courses

Brominating alkenes
Synthesize vicinal dihalides by brominationg alkenes - Format: PDF

Compound Classes

Structure and stereochemistry of alkanes

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Lecture notes: organic compounds - Format: PDF

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Lecture notes: organic compounds - Format: PDF

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Lecture notes: organic chemistry - Format: PDF

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Stereochemistry - Format: PDF

Reactions and synthesis - Format: PDF

Lecture notes - Format: PDF

Lecture notes on conformations of cycloalkanes

Lecture notes: organic chemistry


Nomenclature - Format: PDF

Chemical Reactions

Lecture notes: alkane reactions

Alkanes, reactivity
Lecture notes on the reactivity of alkanes

Reactions of Alkenes - Part I

Reactions of Alkenes - Part II

Reactions of alkynes

The reactions of alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes

Toxicology and Medicinal Chemistry

Some Halogenated Hydrocarbons
Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans
IARC - Format: PDF

News Archive

Simulating Hydrocarbon Formation in the Deep Earth
A computer modeling study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that at deep Earth pressures and temperatures, longer hydrocarbons may be formed from the simplest one, the methane molecule


Last update: 21.10.2022

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